Luis Buñuel Portolés was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.
When Luis Buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in the New York Times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later". His first pictur e—made in the silent era— was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic Roger Ebert, and his last film —made 48 years later— won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality... scandalous and subversive".
Often associated with the surrealist movement of the 1920s, Buñuel created films from the 1920s through the 1970s. His work spans two continents, three languages, and an array of genres, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western. Despite this variety, filmmaker John Huston believed that, regardless of genre, a Buñuel film is so distinctive as to be instantly recognizable, or, as Ingmar Bergman put it, "Buñuel nearly always made Buñuel films".
Six of Buñuel's films are included in Sight & Sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time. Fifteen of his films are included in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? list of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, which is tied with John Ford for second most, and he ranks number 14 on their list of the top 250 directors.
|1||That Obscure Object of Desire (1977)||Director / Writer||9|
|2||The Phantom of Liberty (1974)||Director / Writer||-|
|3||The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972)||Director / Writer||8|
|4||Tristana (1970)||Director / Writer||-|
|5||The Milky Way (1969)||Director / Writer||-|
|6||Belle de Jour (1967)||Man in Gardencafe - Left from the Duke (uncredited)||7.4|
|7||Belle de Jour (1967)||Director / Writer||7.4|
|8||Simon of the Desert (1965)||Director / Writer||8|
|9||Diary of a Chambermaid (1964)||Director / Writer||7|
|10||The Exterminating Angel (1962)||Director / Writer||7.8|
|11||Viridiana (1961)||Director / Writer||6.3|
|12||The Young One (1960)||Director / Writer||6|
|13||Fever Mounts at El Pao (1959)||Director / Writer||-|
|14||Nazarin (1959)||Director / Writer||-|
|15||That Is the Dawn (1956)||Director / Writer||-|
|16||Death in the Garden (1956)||Director / Writer||-|
|17||The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz (1955)||Director / Writer||6|
|18||Robinson Crusoe (1954)||Director / Writer||-|
|19||Wuthering Heights (1954)||Director / Writer||-|
|20||The Brute (1953)||Director / Writer||-|
|21||Él (1953)||Director / Writer||-|
|22||Susana (1951)||Director / Writer||-|
|23||Los Olvidados (1950)||Director / Writer||10|
|24||The Great Madcap (1949)||Director / Writer||-|
|25||Land Without Bread (1933)||Director / Writer||-|
|26||L'Âge d'Or (1930)||Director / Writer||-|
|27||Un chien andalou (1929)||Man in Prolog||7.1|
|28||Un chien andalou (1929)||Director / Writer||7.1|
|29||The Fall of the House of Usher (1928)||Director / Writer||-|